A couple of weeks ago, a student of mine came to me half panicking because he had a big presentation the following week. He needed to present his analysis of a deal the company was considering… in English.
He had his slides prepared and asked if he could go through it with me. As it went on, I realised how much his English had improved in the past year.
He spoke very confidently, commanded attention, and even used the right phrases to present pros and cons.
At the end of the presentation, he used the phrase ‘in summary…’ and paused. He turned to me and asked, “Is there another way to say this? Something less ‘en resumen’ and more ‘a fin de cuentas’?”
‘In summary’ isn’t technically wrong. But it doesn’t indicate a need for balance. Here are some ways to ‘summarise’ by expressing a consideration of both pros and cons.
✔️ At the end of the day
✔️ The bottom line is
✔️ All things considered
✔️ Taking everything into account
✔️ After all
✔️ After all is said and done
I hope that helps!
Soy el director de Daniel Smith + Partners. Tengo más de 15 años de experiencia enseñando inglés a españoles.